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The papers attempts to identify (mainly on the example of the ancient states of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea region and the barbarian tribes of the north-eastern near and far periphery of the ancient world) the main theoretical aspects and problems of studying the infl uence of military-political factors on the trade of the ancient era. The following main aspects are considered: refl ection in various categories of data sources concerning the military-political influence on trade, the mechanisms and the degree of their impact as well.

The need for a comprehensive analysis of various types of sources to identify the impact of certain military-political events on the development of trade is noted. It involves the identifi cation of a combination of data from written sources, evidence of military confl icts at archaeological sites, as well as coin hoards (if any), and evidence of changes in trade recorded by categories of imported items that arrived in a commercial way. In this case, the data should relate to a rather narrow chronological segment and one territory, or to different territories, that were in close contact with each other.

It is shown that to a greater extent the effect of wars on the development of trade relations was negative and could be manifested through the adoption of offi cial decisions and the creation of special bodies (subject to reinforcement by military force), the impact on trade routes, cities, settlements and trading points, agriculture, fi nance and human resources. However, in some areas and cases (primarily the slave trade and arms trade), military confl icts stimulated the development of trade. It is noted that the degree of infl uence of military-political factors on trade could be different: insignifi cant, limited (relating only to strategic goods), high for a long time or a short period, but sufficient to cause catastrophic consequences under certain conditions.


Eastern Mediterranean, Black Sea, military conflicts, migration, trade, antique import, Greeks, barbarian periphery of the Classical world.

Andrey V. Bezrukov. Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University, Magnitogorsk, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Vladislav V. Ulitin. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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