download PDF


The Sumerian King lists are the main written source for the early period of the political history of the Gutian tribes, the inhabitants of the Urmia basin. The lists have come to us in different versions and in a fragmentary state, which makes it diffi cult to unambiguously interpret their information. The names of some of the kings in the spaces of the lists were restored according to other synchronous texts. In one of these texts, the victory of the Akkadian ruler Sharkalisharri over the Gutian king Sarlag is reported. According to T. Jacobsen, the name of this king who inherited power from the Inkishush is in the third position and was transcribed by signs the sar-LAGABla-gab in two variants of the lists. However, such a rebus record of a name using logogram and phonetic complement is not characteristic for Sumerian dynastic lists. The author of the article fi nds it more appropriate to read this name in the “W-B.444” list as ià-kil-lagab and identify its carrier with Yakulaba (ia-ku-la-ba). His son Ititi, being the head of the city of Gasur left a short inscription in connection with offering to the temple of the goddess Ishtar. In another variant of the list (“L1”) after Inkishush there is another name (à-ar-la-ga-ba). Therefore, it remains unknown who was the third ruler in the country Gutium, at any rate, it was not Sarlag.


Gutean tribes, cuneiform texts, the Sumerian King List, Akkadian dynasty

Allahverdi Nusi ogly Alimirzoyev. Institute of History named after A.A. Bakikhanov, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Baku, Azerbaijan, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Alimirzoyev, A. 2012: O pervykh tsaryakh Kutiuma [On the earlier Kings of Kutium]. Azerbaydzhan i azerbaydzhantsy [Azerbaijan and azerbaijanians] 1–2, 49–54.

Balkan, K. 1992: Eski Önasiya’da Kut (ve ya Gut) Halkının dili ile eski Türkçe arasındakı benzerlik. Erdem 6/1, 1–64.

Dyakonov, I.M. 1956: Istoriya Midii ot drevneyshikh vremyon do kontsa IV v. do n.e. [History of Media from ancient times to the end of the 4th century BC]. Moscow–Leningrad.

Frayne, D. 1993: Royal inscription of Mesopotamia. Early Periods. Vol. 2. Sargonic and Gutian Periods (2334–2113). Toronto.

Gelb, I., Kienast, B. 1990: Die Altakkadischen Königsinschriften der Dritten Jahrtausends v. Chr. Stuttgart.

Glassner, J.-J. 1996: Les dynasties d’Awan et d’Simaški. Neuvelle Assyriologiques Bréeves et Utilitaires 1, 25–29.

Glassner, J.-J. 2004: Mesopotamian Chronicles. Atlanta.

Hallo, W. 1971: Gutium. In: E. Weidner, W. von Soden (eds.), Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie III, 709–720.

Jacobsen, T. 1939: The Sumerian King List. Chicago.

Labat, R. 1988: Manuel d’épigraphie Akkadienne (signes, syllabaire, ideogrammes). Paris.

Langdon, S. 1923: Historical inscriptions. Containing Principally the Chronological Prism W.-B.444. London.

Legrain, L. 1922: Historical Fragments. The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia.

Schroeder, O. 1922: Keilschrifttexte aus Assur historischen Inhalts. Bd. 2. In: Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 37 Leipzig.

Thureau-Dangin, F. 1907: Die Sumerischen und akkadischen Königsinschriften. Leipzig.