download PDF


The article considers the fi rst systematization of the archaeological material researches of the Xiongnu monuments in Mongolia. We trace the investigation history from the 1920s to the present. In general, nearly hundred-year research results for Mongolian settlements can be summarized in the following way. The fi rst stage (1920s) revealed the fi rst fortifi ed and unfortifi ed settlements and collected fi eld research materials. During the second stage (1950s-1960s) they arranged the excavations on sites of the unfortifi ed settlement of Boroo and fortifi ed settlement of Gua-dov, Bayanbulak. After that fi rst architectural data were gained, as well as fi ner age determination of these objects performed. The third stage (1990s to the present) continues energetic Xiongnu settlement researches using modern scientifi c methods. These researches allow to gradate Xiongnu monuments along the surface, architectural peculiarities and cultural layer capacity, together with the new local chronology estimation within the Han period. Besides, such a prominent number of nonmigratory settlement complexes revealed and investigated for today allows a new view on the cultural, economic and political shape of the Mongolian Xiongnu society during their nomadic empire.


settlement, hillfort, hunnu, Mongolia

Sergey G. Botalov, Ochil Battulga South Ural State University, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Amartuvshin, Ch., Gantulga, Zh., Garamzhav, D. 2009: Mangasyn hүrjejeje hjemjejeh njegjen shoroon hjermijn tuhaj. Acta historica 10, 36–38.

Batsajhan, Z., Baatarbiljeg, Jo. 2002: Arhangaj ajmgijn Өgijnnuur sumyn nutagt shinjejer oldson gurvan hjerjem. MUIS-ijn jerdjem shinzhilgjejenij bichig 187 (13), 36–38.

Davydova, A.V. 1985: Ivolginskiy kompleks (gorodishhe i mogil’nik) – pamyatnik Hunnu i v Zabaykal’e [Ivolginsky complex (ancient settlement and burial ground) – a monument to Hunnu and in Transbaikalia]. Leningrad.

Dorzhsuryen, C. 1966: Hunnugijn shinje suurin. ShUA-ijn mjedjeje 4, 76–80.

Kiselev, S.V. 1951: Drevnyaya istoriya Juzhnoy Sibiri [Ancient History of Southern Siberia]. Moscow.

Navaan, D. 1961: Өvgөn Djendjevijn durdatgal. Ulaanbaatar.

Pjerljeje, H. 1961: Mongol ard ulsyn jert dundad үeijn hot suuriny tovchoon. Ulaanbaatar.

Pjerljeje, H. 2001: Өvөrhangaj, Өmnөgov’ ajmguudyn gov’ talyn nutgaar jertnij hajguul sudalgaa hjisnje n’. In: D. Cjevjejendorzh (red.), Jerdjem shinzhilgjejenij өgүүllүүd. Ulaanbaatar, 274–281.

Pjerljeje, H. 2001: Hүn naryn gurvan hjermijn үldjec. In: D. Cjevjejendorzh (red.), Jerdjem shinzhilgjejenij өgүүllүүd. Ulaanbaatar, 78–85.

Pjerljeje, H. 2001: Mongolyn jertnij arheologijn material oldsoor bajna. In: D. Cjevjejendorzh (red.), Jerdjem shinzhilgjejenij өgүүllүүd. Ulaanbaatar, 128–137.

Tal’ko-Gryncevich, Ju. D. 1999: Materialy k poleoyetnologii Zabaykal’ya [Materials for Paleoethnology of Transbaikalia]. In: S.S. Menyev (red.), Arheologicheskie pamyatniki [Archaeological monuments]. SPb., 63–71.

Turbat, C., Batsuh, D., Pusa, N., Ramzajer, D. 2008: Hunnugijn ueijn boroogijn suurind hijsjen sudalgaa. In: D. Cjevjejendorzh (red.),Talyn ih jezjent gүrjen. Ulaanbaatar, 336–343. 76 БОТАЛОВ, БАТТУЛГА

Turbat, C., Batbajar, T., Pusa, N. 2009: Hunnugijn үeijn boroogijn suuringijn seramalogijn sudalgaa. Acta historica 6, 5–14.

Cjevjejendorzh, D., Batsajhan, Z., Turbat, C. 1994: Sjunnugijn hot suuriny asuudald. ShUA mjedjeje 3-4, 77–85.

Cjevjejendorzh, D., Bajar, D., Cjerjendagva, Ja., Ochirhujag, C. 2002: Mongolyn arheologi. Ulaanbaatar. Cjevjejendorzh, D., Jerdjenjebat, U. 2007: Mongolyn arheologijn shinzhljeh uhaan. Ulaanbaatar.

Kovalev, A.A., Erdenebaatar, D., Matrenin, S.S., Grebennikov, I.I. 2011: The Shouxiangcheng fortress of the western Han period – excavation at Baian bulag, Nomgon sum, Omnogovi aimag, Mongolia. In: U. Brosseder, B.K. Miller (red.), Xiongnu archaeology. Bonn, 475–644.